At present, Chongqing electric power trading center was established, thus, the number of power has been established nationwide trading center reached 32. According to reporters statistics, in addition to Guangxi, Fujian and Hainan, the mainland provinces and other administrative regions have established a regional electricity trading center. The new electricity reform has made rapid progress and achieved certain results, while the parties involved in the electricity trading activities are still in the stage of exploration in terms of the specific mode of operation of the transaction.
After the sale of electric power companies have sprung up in large numbers, the electricity trading center has basically completed the layout. However, the future of electricity trading in the province, regional or nationwide trading as the direction of development, each provincial trading center in the entire trading system, what role, still inconclusive.
The trading center lacks of co-ordination
The day before the establishment of the Chongqing electric power trading center, is China's first joint-stock trading mechanism. It is understood that the company's shareholding structure is diversified, the state invested 70% yuan, Chongqing power generation, transmission, sale and other market players and third party organizations accounted for 30% of the remaining. Similarly, the Kunming electric power trading center of South Power Grid Corp which established at the end of August was relatively held by the Power Grid Corp, among them, Yunnan Power Grid Co holding 50% common shares, Huaneng Lancang River hydropower company, Huadian, Jinsha River midstream company and other power generation joint ventures.
Compared to the past, Power Grid Corp set up a trading center alone, the relative independence of the holding mode can better embody the power trading center, and the electricity reform program recently approved the 8 provinces, also proposed the formation of joint-stock power trading center as the focus. Some experts pointed out that this situation means that countries are carrying out the interests of the game with the Power Grid Corp, the establishment of the market order is an improvement.
However, the actual role of electricity trading centers in different places is not the same.
After setting up the trading center, I haven't felt any different from before." A Power Grid Corp insider told to reporters. Beginning of the first half of this year, all over the country have developed the formation of electricity trading center program, the establishment of the Beijing Tianjin Hebei electricity trading center as many as 5. The staff said that, in addition to the Beijing power exchange center, Tianjin and Hebei power trading center in the actual electricity trading has not yet played a substantive role.
Sichuan approved the electricity reform program, proposed to promote the electricity market in Sichuan Province, the provincial trading center to the regional electricity market, regional trading center changes. It can also be seen that local trading institutions are different in their positioning in the trading system.
Some analysts pointed out that the current establishment of electricity trading centers around a considerable part of the electricity can only be regarded as a kind of infrastructure". The actual role of the electric power trading center, on the one hand, it depends on the specific progress and implementation of the electricity reform program, on the other hand, it is also affected by the overall situation at the national level. "The trading centers in the provinces are now basically isolated and need a synergy mechanism to be able to function with each other."." The source said.
Cross regional trading mechanism needs to be improved
Beijing electric power trading center was inaugurated in March 1st this year. As a national electricity trading center, it has carried out market trans regional and inter provincial power trading. It is understood that, through the Beijing electricity trading center, the Shandong region 30 power users and Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia 824 enterprises reached a trading power of 9 billion kwh, reducing the purchase cost of 540 million yuan. The day before, Beijing City Electric Power Trading Center released in 2016 in Ximeng - Shandong UHV AC Shandong trading, power units to participate in the competition to reach 88 million 165 thousand kilowatts.
"The competition is fierce." the related personnel of Huadian Shanxi energy company said, "this is our company for the first time to achieve inter provincial direct trading, is also very valuable experience." It is understood that the Shanxi Huadian energy company in the transaction, the transaction area of Shanxi total turnover of electricity consumption accounted for 4.93%, higher than the market share of installed capacity accounted for 2.75 percentage points; transaction price is higher than the same batch transaction price 2-6 cents / kWh, and the price cut is minimal.
In August 15th, the same transaction through the Beijing trading center, Ningxia - Zhejiang power transmission line debugging, electricity trading 204 million kwh, 11 thermal power enterprises to participate in competition, installed capacity of 8 million 846 thousand kilowatts. Among them, Guodian Shizuishan has gained 59 million 600 thousand kwh of electricity, which help company increased sales revenue of 13 million 670 thousand yuan, ranked first in the whole network.
Provincial, cross regional electricity trading has been valued by the central and Western provinces. Electricity reform program approved in Sichuan proposed to improve inter provincial electricity trade mechanism, Gansu also proposed to "actively promote inter provincial electricity trade directly, try to increase the delivery way to solve the difficult problem of local electric power consumption. It is understood that the Gansu area is rich in resources of wind, light, the end of August this year, the National Energy Bureau has also issued "on the support of Gansu province to create a new energy comprehensive demonstration zone" reply agreed that Gansu become the second national new energy comprehensive demonstration area. But Gansu abandoned light abandoned wind problem is more serious, in July this year, Gansu abandoned wind, abandoned light respectively by 48% and 26.6%, the local new energy consumptive did not significantly benefit from electricity reform forward.
"Because of the different price, the new energy can’t compete with the thermal power in the market at the moment." Xiamen University President Lin Boqiang of Chinese Institute energy policy told reporters, "but our resources and demand the reverse distribution pattern determines the rationality of inter regional trade, through the improvement of relevant mechanisms, the future fair cross regional power trading is definitely achievable."
Market power is the key
Lin Boqiang believes that, At present, the planned electricity consumption still accounts for a large proportion of the domestic power generation, and the market share of electricity is still not high. The scale of the power release determines the scale of the electricity trading market. Only when the market is large enough can the enthusiasm and vitality of all parties involved in the transaction be stimulated, so as to speed up the improvement and perfection of the whole transaction mechanism." He points out.
The day before the approved 8 electricity reform program, in electricity deregulation, the principle of generating units in Shandong Province clear new business users and the letter approved to be involved in the electricity market, Liaoning province is proposed to "generators to encourage new industrial users and actively participate in the letter approved power market transaction, the power to achieve as soon as possible market transactions".
In March this year released "on the national energy board do a good job in the construction of power market notice" (Draft) has put forward a clear timetable for electricity plans to release, and strive to achieve the local industrial consumption of 30% in 2016 and achieve industrial electricity 100% release in 2018. It is understood that in 2015 the country's total generating capacity of 5 trillion and 600 billion kwh, when the market power gradually liberalized, the power market size or up to 10 billion. Facing the huge potential market, the participants, such as power generation enterprises, power grid enterprises and trading organizations, should continue to explore and seek scientific and rational operation methods to adapt to the direction of the power system reform.